Have you ever had an issue with your sink and needed to shut off the water supply to it? If you have, then you probably used the shut off valve under your sink. This valve is a super useful tool that allows you to control the water supply to your sink.
In this article, we’ll go through all the steps involved in how to replace shut off valve under kitchen sink from preparing for the job to testing the new valve. Let’s dive in!
Table of Contents
Here’s a list of what you’ll need
- Pliers or channel locks (to disconnect the supply hose)
- Crescent wrench (to tighten the new valve)
- Pipe cutter or hacksaw (if you’re replacing the valve body)
- Utility knife (to clean up the pipe)
- Flame protection cloth, torch, flux, solder, emery cloth and wire brushes (if you’re replacing a sweat valve)
- Shutoff valve
How to Identify the valve connection style
When it comes to identifying the valve connection style under a kitchen sink, it can be a bit tricky, but don’t worry, with some careful observation, you can figure it out.
The first thing you want to do is to look for any markings or labels on the valve body that may indicate the type of valve. These markings may be in the form of letters, numbers, or symbols that can give you a clue as to the type of valve you are dealing with.
If you can’t find any markings, the next thing to do is to check the shape and size of the valve body. This can help you determine if it matches any of the common types of valves.
For example, a gate valve typically has a rectangular shape, while a ball valve is round. A globe valve is typically larger and has a more complex shape.
After examining the valve body, look at the connection points on the valve. This can give you a clue as to whether the valve has threaded connections or compression fittings. Threaded connections are typically found on older valves and require a wrench to tighten or loosen them.
Compression fittings, on the other hand, are more modern and use a nut to tighten or loosen the connection.
If you’re still unsure about the type of valve, compare it to pictures or descriptions of different types of valves. This can help you determine which one it is. For instance, a compression-style valve typically has a brass or plastic body with a compression nut that tightens onto the supply tube.
By following these steps and carefully observing the valve under your kitchen sink, you should be able to identify the valve connection style. Remember, take your time and don’t rush the process. With patience and attention to detail, you’ll be able to identify the valve type and proceed with any repairs or replacements as needed.
How to Replace a Shut-off Valve under your Kitchen Sink
Step 1: Turn off the water supply line to the valve
Before you start working on the valve, make sure to turn off the water supply to avoid any potential water damage or leaks. You can do this by turning off the main shut off valve or by locating the valve that controls the flow of water to the sink and turning it off.
Step 2: Prepare your work area
To ensure a smooth and hassle-free replacement, you need to prepare your work area. Start by clearing out any items from under the sink and laying down some towels or a bucket to catch any water that may leak. This will also give you enough space to work and move around.
Step 3: Disconnect the supply hose from the valve using pliers or a wrench.
Using pliers or a wrench, loosen the nut that connects the supply hose to the valve. Once the nut is loose enough, you can use your hands to remove the hose from the valve. It’s essential to have a bucket nearby to catch any water that may spill out during this process.
Step 4: Saw off the old valve with a hacksaw or reciprocating saw
Now that you’ve removed the supply hose, it’s time to remove the old valve. Using a hacksaw or a reciprocating saw, carefully saw off the old valve, making sure to avoid damaging the surrounding pipes or fittings. Be sure to wear protective gear like gloves and goggles during this step to prevent injury.
Step 5: Install a new shut off valve
With the old valve removed, it’s time to install the new one. Slide the new valve onto the pipe, making sure it fits snugly and securely. Use pliers or a wrench to tighten the valve onto the pipe, making sure not to overtighten it.
Then, reattach the supply hose and turn on the water supply to test the new valve for any leaks.
Troubleshooting Common Problems
After replacing a shut off valve under your kitchen sink, it’s not uncommon to run into a few common problems. Here’s a step-by-step guide to troubleshooting these issues and tips for avoiding future problems:
Problem: shut off valve Leaking
how to fix a leaking shut off valve under kitchen sink
If you notice a leak coming from your new shut off valve, the first thing to do is to check the compression nut. Make sure it is tight and use an adjustable wrench to tighten it further if necessary.
If the nut is tight, check the valve body for any cracks or damage. If the valve body is damaged, you will need to replace the entire leaking shut off valve.
Problem: Leaking Supply Tube
If the supply tube is leaking, check to make sure it is securely attached to the shut off valve and the faucet. If the connections are tight, the next step is to check the compression fittings.
Make sure they are properly installed and tighten them with a wrench if necessary. If the supply tube is still leaking, you may need to replace it.
Problem: Leaky Faucet
If the faucet is still leaking after replacing the shut off valve, the issue may be with the faucet itself. Try tightening the packing nut and replacing the washer. If these steps don’t work, you may need to replace the faucet entirely.
Tips for Avoiding Future Problems
- Use pipe dope or Teflon tape on the threads of the shut off valve and supply line connections to prevent leaks.
- Before installing the new valve, use a wire brush to clean the copper pipe to ensure a tight seal.
- Make sure there is enough pipe sticking out from the wall to attach the new valve. If not, you may need to install an new escutcheon.
- Use a pipe wrench or adjustable wrench to tighten the old compression nut. Do not overtighten as this can damage the valve and cause leaks.
Which Type of Valve is Typically Found Under a Kitchen Sink?
The most common type of shut off valve found under a kitchen sink is a compression valve. These valves are easy to install and operate, making them a popular choice for DIYers.
However, ball valves are also commonly used and are a good choice for those who want a more durable and long-lasting valve. Ultimately, the type of shut off valve you choose will depend on your specific needs and preferences.
Why do shut off valves need replacing?
Shut off valves can become worn or corroded over time, which can cause leaks or failure to shut off water flow. They may also become difficult to turn, which can be a sign that the leaky valve need to be replaced.
what is a quarter turn valve?
A quarter turn valve is a type of shutoff valve that can be turned 90 degrees to stop the flow of water. It employs a ball valve design, which means that a hollowed-out ball inside the valve body controls the flow of water.
How do I know if my shut off valve needs replacing?
If you notice any leaks or corrosion on the valve, or if it’s difficult to turn, it may need to be replaced. You can also check the age of the valve, as they typically last around 10-15 years.
What do I do if I can’t turn off the water supply to the sink?
If you’re unable to turn off the water supply to the sink, you can turn off the main water supply to the house. This will shut off water flow to the entire house, so it’s important to make sure you don’t have any appliances or faucets running when you do this.
Can I use a different type of shut off valve than what was originally installed?
It’s generally recommended to use the same type of main shutoff valve that was originally installed. However, if you need to use a different type of valve, make sure it’s compatible with your plumbing system and meets local building codes.
How much does it cost to replace a shut-off valve under a kitchen sink?
The cost can vary depending on location and the plumber, but it typically ranges from $75 to $250.